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2015年秋季中口笔试 参考答案

发布时间:2016-12-05 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

 SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST

Part A: Spot Dictation

(1) recall

(11) flexible

(2) a home computer

(12) keep control of their kids.

(3) private conversations

(13) rebellious and unhappy.

(4) any channel they like

(14) left alone.

(5) a lot of information

(15) social encounters

(6) an increase in privacy

(16) "click and go,"

(7) too isolated

(17) getting a job.

(8) respect

(18) optimistic.

(9) lock their bedroom door

(19) questioned everything

(10) the right to know

(20) like such an idio

 

Part B: Listening Comprehension

1 – 5     D  A  D  B  B  

6 – 10    C  A  C  B  A  

11 – 15   B  D  A  D  B  

16 – 20   C  D  A  D  A  

21 – 25   B  C  B  A  D

26 – 30   C  D  C  C  A  

 

SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS

Questions 1 – 5     C  D  D  A  B  

Questions 6 – 10    C  D  B  A  D  

Questions 11 – 15   C  A  C  D  C  

Questions 16 – 20   D  A  C  B  A  

Questions 21 – 25   D  A  B  C  B  

Questions 26 – 30   B  A  B  D  B  

 

Part C: Listening and Translation

1. Sentence Translation

Sentence 1:

Australia has millions of sheep. They say there are three sheep for each inhabitant of the country. Thousands of tons of wool are produced each year in Australia. (28)

Sentence 2:

People in large cities are surrounded by noise pollution. Every day their ears are bombarded by sounds made by vehicles, machines, television, loud speakers and so on. (27)

Sentence 3:

In order to be successful in this world, you must “get along” with people. This means you must learn to behave in such a way that you have the affection and respect of others. (34)

Sentence 4:

In the big-data era, the biggest business in developed countries has become information, which we have more access to, thanks to email, the Internet, TV, and cell-phones. (27)

Sentence 5:

Initially, they were demanding a discount of 20% on orders of over 10,000 units, but we finally managed to beat them down to 12.

 

 

(参考译文)

 (一) 澳大利亚有成百万头羊。据说每位国民人均三头羊在澳大利亚,每年生产成千吨的羊毛。

(二)大城市的居民饱受噪音的困扰。每天有汽车,机器,电视和扩音喇叭等的声音冲击着他们的耳朵。

(三)为了在这个世界上取得成功,你必须与人“和谐相处”。 这就是说你必须学会让你的行为获得他人的喜爱和尊重。

(四)在大数据时代, 发达国家最大的商机 / 商业就是信息,分我们通过电子邮件,互联网,电视和手机而获得信息。

(五)一开始 / 最初,他们要求(我们)对一万件以上的定单有百分之二十的折扣,但最后我们谈止 / 使其降止百分之十二。

 

2. Passage Translation

Passage 1:

Swimming is one of the best forms of exercise. It can improve heart action. It also helps blood circulate. Swimming will develop strong muscles. It will even strengthen the lungs. People who are disabled and cannot enjoy other sports can keep their bodies in better condition by swimming. It is a good idea for parents to make sure that their children learn to swim at an early age. This will be an activity that the children can enjoy for the rest of their lives. (84)  

 

Passage 2:

Ice cream has been around for more than 4,000 years. The first ice cream was produced by the Chinese, and it consisted of a mixture made from rice and milk. The paste was put into snow to freeze and kept cold in underground chambers. Later Marco Polo discovered ice cream on his voyage to China and brought the recipe back to Europe. Today ice cream is found all over the world. But the country where the most ice cream is eaten is the United States. The average American eats 21 liters of ice cream a year. (96)

 

(参考译文):  

(一)游泳是(体育)锻炼的最好方式之一。它能改善心脏功能。它也能帮助血液循环。游泳会促进肌肉发达。它甚至会增强肺部功能。(身体有)残疾的人如不能参与其他运动,可以通过游泳保持身体健康 / 较好的体格。对于父母来说,确保他们的孩子在幼时 / (人生)早期就学游泳,是个不错的选择。这是一项孩子们可以终身享受的(体育)运动。

 

(二)冰淇淋有4千多年的历史。最早的冰淇淋是中国人制造的,由大米和牛奶混合而成。(他们)将其裹在雪里冷冻后放进地窖里冷藏。 后来,马可 波罗到中国后发现了冰淇淋,并将其食谱带回了欧洲。 今天,冰淇淋遍布全世界。但 (今天)冰淇淋消费最多的国家是美国。美国人均年消费21升的冰淇淋。

 

SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (1)

Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

    As manufacturers continue to roll out new smartphones, luring customers to ditch their old phones, data security experts warn that improperly disposed phones can be mined for personal data by hackers in the U.S. and abroad.

  The Environmental Protection Agency reports more than 416,000 cellphones are disposed of every day and almost 40% of cellphone users fail to take any security measures, such as erasing their data before disposing of it.

  According to the EPA, the average American is expected to buy a new cellphone every 24 months. After new cellphones are purchased, old phones are either recycled or trashed. In most cases, they end up on an offshore landfill. More than 80% of e-waste is exported to Asia where workers break down electronic devices for metals, particularly gold and silver. //

  Without federal regulations on proper handling procedures, there is no way to assure consumers a best practice for e-cycling. Currently the EPA does not have any data on the amount of e-waste being exported — only data on how much is being recycled, which for cellphones is less than 10%.

 

(参考译文)

随着制造商不断推出新款智能手机,诱使顾客弃用他们的旧手机,数据安全专家警告说,旧手机处置不当可能导致个人信息被美国国内外的黑客窃取。

环境保护署的报告称,每天有超过41.6万部旧手机被处理掉,但是约40%的手机用户未采取任何安全措施,比如在处置之前抹掉手机中的信息。

根据环保署的报告,普通美国人估计每两年购买一部新手机。购得新手机以后,旧手机要么被回收,要么当垃圾处理。大多数情况下,旧手机最终在一个近海填埋场填埋掉。超过80%的电子垃圾出口到亚洲,那里的工人将电子设备拆借,获取各种金属,特别是金和银。//

由于联邦政府对旧手机的妥善处置未作出规定,所以无法确保消费者在电子回收方面做到最好。目前,环保署没有任何关于电子垃圾出口数量的数据,只有回收方面的数据——旧手机的回收率不到10%。

 

SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST (2)

Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  一天王安经过一棵大树时,突然有一只小麻雀掉到地上。他决定把它带回去喂养。走到家门口,突然想起妈妈不允许他在家里养小动物。他轻轻地把小麻雀放在门后,急忙走进屋去,在他的哀求下妈妈破例答应了儿子。//

  王安兴冲冲跑到门后,不料小麻雀不见了,一只黑猫在擦拭着嘴巴。王安为此伤心了很久。从此,他记取了一个很大的教训:只要自己认定的事情,决不可优柔寡断。犹豫不决固然可以减少做错事的可能性,但也失去了成功的机遇。

 

(参考译文)

   One day, as An Wang walked past a large tree, a little sparrow suddenly fell from the tree to the ground. Wang decided to bring it home and take care of it. He was about to enter the house when he remembered his mother would not allow him to keep any pets. Gently he placed the little bird behind the door and hurried in to ask for approval from his mother, who finally gave her consent upon his pleadings. //

   Overjoyed, Wang ran back to the door, only to find that the sparrow had disappeared and a black cat was rubbing its mouth with its paws. This incident made him sad for a long time. From it he learned an important lesson: never hesitate over what one believes to be the right thing to do; indecision may reduce the possibility of making mistakes, but it may also deprive one of the opportunity to succeed.

 

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