昂立教育 > 项目总揽 > 口译 > 阅读理解 > 2015年秋季中级口译阅读真题(一)

2015年秋季中级口译阅读真题(一)

发布时间:2016-12-06 作者: 来源于:昂立外语网站

Questions 1—5

We hold certain professions to a higher standard when it comes to the mental health of their workers, and for good reason. Doctors, police officers and pilots, for instance, have jobs that put others’ safety in their hands. So as evidence mounted about the psychological condition of Andreas Lubitz, co-pilot in the March 24 Germanwings plane crash, it raised important questions about how to safeguard against such tragedies.

Lufthansa, the parent company of Germanwings, says Lubitz had informed the airline of a “serious depressive episode” in 2009, back when he was training to be a pilot. Investigators say Lubitz’s record also indicated “suicidal tendencies.” While it’s not clear why Lubitz apparently drove the plane into a mountainside in the French Alps, his case puts a spotlight on the imperfect system for screening—and supporting—pilots who are depressed or suffer from other psychological conditions.

In the U.S., commercial pilots over 40 must submit to a physical and mental evaluation every six months; before age 40 it’s once a year. Physical health is easier to quantify than mental wellness, however. “You somehow try to see if the pilot is well, and it’s not the easiest thing,” says Dr. Alpo Vuorio, a physician at the Mehilainen Airport Health Center in Finland who has studied depression and suicide in pilots.

Most airlines have psychological-support programs for their crews; it’s a matter of persuading pilots to take advantage of them. “It’s a macho thing. You don’t want to admit you need help,” says Scott Shappell, a professor at Embry-Riddle Aeronautics University and a former pilot. That may be why, according to one psychiatrist who evaluates pilots for the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), only about half of the pilots who experience depression report their symptoms. “It’s one of the most difficult things in aviation medicine,” says Vuorio.

Experts say the vast majority of depressed people pose no harm to themselves or others, and most can be successfully treated—but stigma remains. Until 2010, the FAA had a ban on antidepressant use, making it an automatic disqualifier for pilots. After studies convinced officials such drugs don’t compromise pilots’ alertness or mental faculties, the FAA changed its position.

The FAA and the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) require commercial pilots to self-report any medical or mental-health issues, along with a list of recent doctor visits and any medications they’re taking. Still, not all pilots do. “Pilots know if they self-report, it will be a black mark” on their record, says Shappell. Any pilot reporting depression for the first time is automatically grounded before being re-evaluated and cleared to fly. 

1. According to the passage, some professional people like ______ have jobs that put others’ safety in their hands.

(A) doctors, police officers and investigators

(B) psychiatrists, police officers and experts

(C) physicians, policemen and pilots

(D) doctors, policemen and professors

 

2. It can be concluded from the passage that Andreas Lubitz ______.

(A) informed investigators of a “serious depressive episode” in 2009

(B) committed suicide by driving the plane into a mountainside

(C) studied depression and suicide at the Mehilainen Airport Health Center

(D) evaluated pilots for the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration 

3. In the United States, commercial pilots are evaluated for mental and physical health at least ______.

(A) every four months

(B) every other year

(C) once a year

(D) twice a year

 

4. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?

(A) The March 24 Germanwings plane crash was a great shock.

(B) Investigators say Lubitz’s record indicated “suicidal tendencies.”

(C) The FAA requires pilots to self-report any medical or mental-health issues.

(D) Most crews welcome the airlines’ psychological-support programs. 

5. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

(A) Depression in the Flight Deck

(B) Perfect Systems for Screening Pilots

(C) Physical-support Programs for Pilots

(D) Depressed People Posing No Harm to Others 

参考答案:

Questions 1 -5

C  B  C  D  A

分享到:

注册获取体验课,到校咨询并获得量身定制的免费学习计划

在线报名预约公开课,还能免费获取昂立三宝(试听课,测试,报告)

您的姓名
联系方式
授课校区
开放课堂 更多
  • 小学一年级提前学
    主讲人:邓天天
      时间:2016/12/18 周日 13:00
     
  • 翻译趣谈之你不知道的翻译乐趣
    主讲人:宋骏杰
      时间:2016/12/03 周六 16:00
     
  • “一年级提前学”英语讲座
    主讲人:曲文娴
      时间:2016/12/18 周日 13:30
     
热荐课程 更多
  • 哈佛少儿中外教特色1A班-YY-JQ-1...
      开班时间:2017-02-18
      上课时间:15:30-18:00
      价格:6500
     
    在线预约立减50元
  • 昂立经典新概念I册迷你150班(...
      开班时间:2017-01-15
      上课时间:12:-15:00
      价格:8000
     
    在线预约立减50元
  • 昂立经典新概念I册迷你150班(...
      开班时间:2017-02-25
      上课时间:09:00-11:30
      价格:8000
     
    在线预约立减50元
  • 昂立经典新概念I册迷你150班(...
      开班时间:2017-04-15
      上课时间:16:00-20:30
      价格:8000
     
    在线预约立减50元
  • 昂立经典新概念I册迷你150班(...
      开班时间:2017-12-02
      上课时间:16:00-18:30
      价格:8000
     
    在线预约立减50元
专题· 更多
 
4887铁算王中王开奖结果小说